“Information” as a term has been derived from the Latin words ” Formation” and ” forms ” which means giving shape to something and forming a pattern, respectively. Information adds something new to our awareness and removes the vagueness of our ideas. Information is power, and as the Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee stated, the Government wants to share powers with the It is precisely because of this reason that the right to information has to be ensured for all. The Freedom of Information Bill, 2000 was introduced in the Lok – Sabha on july,25 to meet the needs of effective and responsive government. It is the most significant milestone in the history of the Right To Information Movement in India.
Right To Information ( RTI ) is an act of the parliament of India, ” to provide for setting out the practical regime of RTI for citizens.” and replaces the erstwhile freedom of information act, 2002. The law was passed by parliament on 15th June 2005 and came fully into force on 12 , October 2005.
The Freedom Of Information Bill 2000, introduced in the Lok – Sabha on 25th July 2000, says that -:
!) Information means any material in any forms relating to the administration operations or decisions of a public authority.
2) The bill defines public authority as any authority or body established or constituted.
– By or under the constitution.
– By an law made by the appropriate government.
– And includes any other body owned, controlled or substantially financed by funds provided or indirectly by the appropriate government.
3) Freedom of information means the right to obtain information from any public authority by means of : –
– Certified copies of any records of such public authority.
– Diskettes, Floppies.
How to file Right To Information ?
Applicants can now pay the prescribed RTI fee or additional fees using their RUPAY Card also using their . Please do not file RTI applications through this portal for the public authorities under the State Governments including governments of NCT Delhi if filed, the application would be returned, without refund of amount.
How To File RTI Application :-
Step – 1 Writing on application specifying the particulars of information sought.
Step – 2 Submitting the evidences of payment of application fee along with the application.
Step – 3 Sending the application to the concerned public information officers/ Assistants public information public officer.
For Filing RTI Online :-
online link is http:/www.rtifoundationofindia.com/rti.
Essential requirements of an application filed under the RTI act are: –
– The applicant should be citizen of India.
– The application should contains the particulars of information sought.
– The evidence of payment of application fee should be enclosed.
– The address of the applicant should be available for sending a reply.
Advantages Of RTI : –
1) Protection of Information.
2) Easy mode of spreading information rightfully.
3) Empowerment of the common men.
4) Corruption will decrease gradually.
Disadvantages Of RTI :-
1) unnecessary Chaos all over.
2) An extra burden to the authorities.
3) Multiple public information officers.
4) People’s accessibility is hectic and time consuming.
Constitutional Aspect of the Right To Information :-
Art19(1) (a) of the constitution guarantees the fundamental rights to free speech and expression.
There, the right to information becomes a constitutional right being an aspect of the right to free speech and expression which includes the right to receive and collect information this will also help type citizens to perform their fundamental duties as set out in Art – 51 A of the constitution.
Conclusion : –
As no right can be absolute, the Right To Information has to have its limitations there will always be areas of information that shown remain protected in public and national interest. so, the information has to be properly, clearly, classified by an appropriate authority.
Exemptions permitting Government to withhold access to information is generally in respect of all in these matters : –
1) Internal deliberation of the government.
2) International relations and national security.
3) Law enforcement and prevention of crime.
4) Information which, if disclosed, would violate the privacy of individual.
5) Information which is covered by legal professional privilege like communication between a Advisor and between his Client.
Neha Khatri (Advocate)
(DELHI HIGH COURT)
Master of Law (LL.M.)
UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND ENERGY